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LOCALLY CONTROLLED SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING VIA THE INTERNET:
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- Subject: LOCALLY CONTROLLED SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING VIA THE INTERNET:
- From: "Hamaker, Chuck" <email@example.com>
- Date: Mon, 5 Aug 2002 19:18:43 EDT
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LOCALLY CONTROLLED SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING VIA THE INTERNET: The Guild Model By ROB KLING, LISA SPECTOR, and GEOFF McKIM The Journal of Electronic Publishing, August, 2002 Volume 8, Issue 1 http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/08-01/kling.html ---------- Published with permission from the American Society for Information Science and Technology, Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, November 2002. snip Our article examines this model, which is based on the practice of academic departments and research institutes publishing their own locally controlled series of working papers, technical reports, research memoranda, and occasional papers. snip We refer to this model as guild publishing. It is based on the relatively well-understood concept of the research manuscript series sponsored by some academic departments and research institutes. As defined by WordNet (1.6, 1997 Princeton University) a guild is a formal association of people with similar interests. Academic departments and research institutes contain such groupings of people interested in, and working on, similar topics. They are formal, meaning that membership in academic departments and research institutes is well-defined and selective, based on experience, education, and other qualifications. In this article we use the term "research manuscript," or simply manuscript, to refer to what are diversely referred to as working papers, preprints, technical reports, and memoranda. For manuscripts in electronic form, we sometimes use the term "e-script." The nomenclature for research manuscripts in situ is quite diverse and thus we use the terms above in an attempt to clarify this discussion of scholarly communication. For a more detailed discussion of scholarly communication terminology, see the sidebar of this paper.
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