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RE: Princeton bans academics from handing all copyright..
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- Subject: RE: Princeton bans academics from handing all copyright..
- From: Sandy Thatcher <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2011 18:53:46 EDT
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I don't think there is a lot of disagreement anymore among scholarly journal publishers about allowing the peer-reviewed but not archival version of articles to be posted on institutional and personal web sites. (Most publishers still insist on some form of embargo for posting of the archival version, however.) The proliferation of multiple versions of articles that this practice involves creates its own problems, however, and these were discussed in the special issue of Against the Grain in its April 2011 issue devoted to The Challenges of Bibliographic Control and Scholarly Integrity in an Online World of Multiple Versions of Journal Articles, which I co-edited with NISO's Todd carpenter. **** The article below is seriously misleading in at least two ways: >Prestigious US academic institution Princeton University will >prevent researchers from giving the copyright of scholarly >articles to journal publishers, except in certain cases where a >waiver may be granted. That is misleading because it treats copyright as a single entity, which can be transferred or not only as a whole. whereas in fact copyright consists of a bundle of rights of various types. It also does not distinguish between exclusive and nonexclusive rights. Only publishers that operate on an open-access business model can afford not to have authors transfer to them a number of exclusive rights, which being exclusive allow the publisher to bring suit for infringement. What Princeton and like policies do is to require faculty to retain a nonexclusive right for themselves and their universities to post a less-than-final version of their articles to the Web. They do not at all interfere with any author's right to transfer various exclusive rights to a publisher. >"What will be most telling will be the publishers' response over >the next year or so. If they start providing amended agreements >to Princeton academics then the door will be open for other >universities to follow this lead. I suspect however they will >not, as generally the trend seems for publishers to make the >open access path a complex and difficult one." Most publishers will not engage in individual journal contract negotiations because that makes for a horribly inefficient and wasteful process, which would have to be paid for by increasing the subscription price of journals. Instead, most publishers have adopted a general policy toward Green OA, which satisfies the needs of these university policies, and these publisher policies are summarized on Sherpa Romeo's site: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/ The last sentence is way out of date, as many commercial and non-profit publishers are well along the way toward adopting Gold OA business models, especially in light of the tremendous success that PLoS One has had. What universities now need to worry about is not whether publishers will resist open access but whether they will make it equally costly for universities to support. On this point, see Richard Poynder's illuminating interview with BioOne's Mark Kurtz: http://poynder.blogspot.com/2011/09/interview-with-bioones-mark-kurtz.html Sandy Thatcher >I guess it is my busy day on lib-license. > >I wanted to point out that the language of a "ban" does not >apparently come from Princeton itself, but from a single blogger, >to whose post all the stories that use that language point. >That blogger has now changed the post, including a quote from a >Princeton official saying that the faculty is not being "banned" >from anything. Even the URL has changed; the new one is > >http://theconversation.edu.au/princeton-goes-open-access-to-stop-staff-handing-all-copyright-to-journals-unless-waiver-granted-3596 > > >Kevin L. Smith, M.L.S., J.D. >Director of Scholarly Communications >Duke University, Perkins Library >Durham, NC 27708 >email@example.com
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