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RE: History of licensing

I've written an article which deals in part with the history of model
licenses, which will be coming out in December in Interlending and Document
Supply.  This may be tangential to your subject, but if you'd like, I can
send you a copy.

Janet Brennan Croft
Head of Access Services
University of Oklahoma
Bizzell Library NW106
Norman OK 73019
fax 405-325-7618
	"Are all librarians this much trouble?" -- Rick O'Connell in The Mummy

-----Original Message-----
From: Nick Smith [mailto:NSMITH@nla.gov.au]
Sent: Thursday, July 12, 2001 4:32 PM
To: 'liblicense-l@lists.yale.edu'
Subject: History of licensing

Hi  (This is my first post to this list):

I'm interested to find out if anyone has any information on the history of
licensing electronic resources. (I've had a look through the archives but
can't find anything on this.)

I understand that packaged computer programs were the first to be
accompanied by licences. Although paper books could just as easily be
shrinkwrapped as software, they were not for the following reasons: (1)
software publishers have a (reasonably justified) fear of digital piracy
that does not exist with paper materials; (2) computer programs *require*
a license of some kind (they must be reproduced on the users hard drive
whereas the ordinary use of a book does not involve copyright); (3)
consumers would have reacted in horror to shrink-wrap licensed books
whereas the new market for computer software was not 'burdened' by these

When did licence agreements start to migrate from operating systems and
applications to content resources? Who led the way here and why? (I guess
the desire to maintain a greater level of control is a prominent reason).



Nick Smith
Executive Officer  ::  Australian Digital Alliance
Copyright Advisor  ::  Australian Libraries Copyright Committee
PO Box E202   \\   Kingston ACT 2604
Ph: 02 6262 1273   \\   Fax: 02 6273 2545
Email: nsmith@nla.gov.au   \\   Web: www.digital.org.au